European VC Funding: Great, But Not at the Pre-Seed Stage

Since 2003, 35 European startups have hit a billion-dollar unicorn valuation. The tech ecosystem in general is booming, according to an Atomico report last year that stated there has “never been a better time to be a European Entrepreneur.”

But there’s one problem: Pre-seed funding rounds are sorely needed but don’t have much recognition or supporters.

Why Europe’s Institutional VC Funding Is Great

This analysis comes from ecommerce-centric VC firm Forward Partners, which states that the amount of European VC funding capital available to founders has seen a considerable rise in recent years. They have the numbers to back this claim up:

“10 new institutional funds launched in Europe between 2011 and 2015 with fund sizes >$40m. Leading US VCs are becoming ever more active funding 70% of true growth capital rounds in Europe, and the total number of funding rounds completed has grown at a compounded rate of over 30% for each of the last 5 years.

[…] According to CrunchBase, deal volume in Europe at seed stage grew at a compound rate of 45% pa between 2011 and 2014 with average round size growing by 65% to c $500k over the period.”

Why Pre-Seed Stage Funding Is a Problem

Pre-seed problems aren’t limited to Europe. Across the board, VCs have high expectations: They want to see a variety of metrics like product, experienced team, go-to-market plan, early revenue, and proof of traction before they’ll invest. This puts a huge burden on founders to bootstrap everything before they’ll see any European VC funding. No one can succeed on just a pitch slideshow and their dreams.

The result?

“Early product iterations take longer to complete and are done so at low levels of quality by low-cost, outsourced tech teams leading to later “technical debt”. Avoidable mistakes are made in deployment, marketing and hiring. Work environments are typically compromised in search of economy. […] It is no surprise that the failure rate at this stage is often so high, even for fundamentally sound ideas.”

Forward Partners ends with a call for those who see a market gap and have an idea to fill it to check in with them. But for the rest of Europe and beyond, the tension between bootstrapping to succeed and failure due to bootstrapping remains a real problem.

Did you find this article helpful? Click on one of the following buttons
We're so happy you liked! Get more delivered to your inbox just like it.

We're sorry this article didn't help you today – we welcome feedback, so if there's any way you feel we could improve our content, please email us at

Written by:
Adam is a writer at and has worked as a tech writer, blogger and copy editor for more than a decade. He was a Forbes Contributor on the publishing industry, for which he was named a Digital Book World 2018 award finalist. His work has appeared in publications including Popular Mechanics and IDG Connect, and his art history book on 1970s sci-fi, 'Worlds Beyond Time,' is out from Abrams Books in July 2023. In the meantime, he's hunting down the latest news on VPNs, POS systems, and the future of tech.
Back to top