Judge Rules Gig Worker Law Proposition 22 Is Unconstitutional

The measure improperly limits the state's ability to protect its workers.

A California judge has ruled that Proposition 22 violates the state’s constitution. Under the less-than-a-year-old measure, gig-economy app companies like Uber and DoorDash could classify their workers as independent contractors rather than employees as they would otherwise be considered.

Alameda County Superior Court Judge Frank Roesch made the ruling, arguing that the law improperly limits the state’s ability to protect its workers.

The new ruling is a victory that labor organizers have been working towards, and a setback for app companies.

What’s Prop 22?

Proposition 22 was passed in November 2020 following an extensive campaign costing gig economy companies more than $200 million.

The vote was controversial at the time, with opponents of the law arguing that the law merely exists in order to allow these app companies to carve away the rights and protections that they would otherwise be compelled to offer their workers, from paid sick leave to workers compensation and unemployment benefits.

According to the new ruling, the measure “limits the power of a future legislature to define app-based drivers as workers subject to workers’ compensation law.” This impacts the state’s control over safe workplace standards. Which, to be fair, most of us already suspected.

The new ruling is due to a lawsuit from a coalition of workers — it was first declined by the California Supreme Court in February, refiled in a lower court, and has now succeeded.

Uber’s Response

Is Uber taking the news well? You can judge for yourself with their spokesperson’s statement on the matter: “This ruling ignores the will of […] California voters and defies both logic and the law.”

The spokesperson also stated that Uber plans to appeal the ruling, which aligns with the company’s reputation for aggressive, scandal-ridden business moves.

What Happens Now?

The Proposition 22 controversy isn’t over yet: Any appeals from Uber or others will need to be heard out. Currently, Prop 22’s ultimate fate is still up in the air, although any unconstitutional law is rendered unenforceable.

The decision could have wider ripples: App companies are currently pushing for another, similar measure in Massachusetts, and it seems likely they’ll keep pushing for more laws across the US for as long as they can.

If the California ruling that Prop 22 is unconstitutional stands, the case for similar laws just got a whole lot shakier.

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Written by:
Adam is a writer at Tech.co and has worked as a tech writer, blogger and copy editor for more than a decade. He was a Forbes Contributor on the publishing industry, for which he was named a Digital Book World 2018 award finalist. His work has appeared in publications including Popular Mechanics and IDG Connect, and his art history book on 1970s sci-fi, 'Worlds Beyond Time,' is out from Abrams Books in July 2023. In the meantime, he's hunting down the latest news on VPNs, POS systems, and the future of tech.
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