Companies That Have Ended Fully Remote Work in 2023 and 2024

As hybrid models become the new gold standard, here's a list of companies that have scrapped WFH policies this year.

As the dust settles from Covid-19, business leaders around the globe have been faced with a very difficult decision — continue with remote work, get employees back to the office, or a hybrid solution.

For many companies, like Amazon and Microsoft, ditching the WFH experiment in favor of in-person collaboration couldn’t have come sooner, with 14% of Fortune 100 companies issuing return-to-office mandates as early as 2021. Yet, as others weigh up the impact of ditching remote working, and face increasing pushback from their staff, mandatory returns have been delayed.

To shine a light on companies that have made recent U-turns on remote work, here’s our regularly updated list of companies that have decided to bid farewell to the practice.

Which Companies Have Ditched Fully Remote Working?

Companies that have ended remote work include:

  • Starbucks
  • General Motors
  • Disney
  • Walmart
  • Dell
  • Amazon
  • Activision Blizzard
  • United Parcel Service
  • Meta
  • Grindr
  • IBM
  • Ubisoft
  • Roblox
  • Infosys
  • Rockstar


  • January 2023

In January, Starbucks’s CEO, Howard Schultz, demanded all corporate employees to return to the office for at least three days a week, after trying and failing to implement a one-day return last September. According to a memo issued by Schultz, data revealed that staffers weren’t previously adhering to this lax requirement, forcing him to take this change of strategy more seriously.

As part of the CEO’s effort to “rebuild” the companies office culture, this new measure took effect on January 30, with all workers that live within commuting distance from the company’s Seattle HQ now being expected to work from the office Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and a third day of their choice. Employees that report to regional offices are expected to follow similar orders, although their contact days have not been mandated.

General Motors

  • January 2023

Last October the Detroit-based car manufacturer General Motors announced it would be launching a return to work plan for salaried workers, starting from January 30. This was a huge U-turn from the company’s former policy, which allowed them to work remotely up until 2023.

The company is expected its 53,000 salaried workers to return to the office for an average of three days a week. However, GM’s approach isn’t as firm as its contemporaries, with the manufacturer telling its workers that it will listen to their feedback, and incorporate it into the implementation of its plans moving forward.


  • January 2023

After re-joining the company in November of last year, Disney’s new CEO Bob Iger asked workers to return to the office from Monday through to Thursday this January, as part of an attempt to improve the company’s “creativity”, “culture” as well as the careers of his employees.  Technically though, this wasn’t the first time the company tried to move away from remote working, as the mandate replaced a three-day-a-week policy that had previously been in place since 2021.

Unfortunately for the CEO, this policy change wasn’t welcomed with open arms, with 2,300 Disney employees signing a petition in response which asked Iger to reconsider the policy due to its “unintended consequences” that could cause “long-term hard to the company”. This pushback hasn’t seemed to make much of a difference though, as Disney’s four-day-a-week policy is still in place.


  • February 2023

Not one to be outdone, in addition to requiring all of its white-collar workers to return to the workplace two days a week, Walmart has also decided to ask hundreds of employees to relocate cities, as it closes its Austin, Carlsbad, and Portland offices to recover costs.

In what is being described by the company’s CEO, Doug McMillon, as a “location strategy”, the company told Wall Street Journal that some relocated workers will be allowed to become full-time remote workers. However, for the majority of Walmart staffers, failing to move to the cities with remaining hub offices will result in them being ejected from the company.


  • May 2023

Dell employees have had a rough few months. With thousands of layoffs announced back in February, those staff that remain have now been told that they must return to the office.

Reported by The Register, COO Jeff Clarke sent a memo to staff stating that those living within an hour’s commute of the office should be making the journey a minimum of three days a week. This move comes after a previous commitment to a more robust working from home policy, which saw CEO Michael Dell say in 2020 ‘I think if you were skeptical about work from home, you probably aren’t now. And I think we’ve all learned a lot in the last few months here. ‘ At the time the company also pointed out the environmental impact of the move to remote, citing the reduction in greenhouse emissions typically caused by commuting.


  • May 2023

In February, Amazon decided to ditch its WFH policy by asking all workers to return to the office for at least three days a week, starting from May 1. Put simply, workers were not happy. In response to Amazon CEO Andy Jassy’s, mandate, employees drafted an internal petition to fight the mandate, urging him to consider a new, more flexible, working policy.

In March, the company doubled down on its decision, with an internal Amazon FAQ revealing that the three-day return was still going to be implemented with little flexibility. While Amazon just appears to be moving with current trends in the tech industry, the new policy marks a major change from its pandemic-era policy which let managers decide if and how frequently their teams needed to be in the office.

Activision Blizzard

  • April & July 2023

It may be responsible for some of the biggest games on the planet, including World of Warcraft and Call of Duty, but when it comes to remote working, Activision Blizzard isn’t playing games.

Staff in the Activision arm were told that they had to return to the office on the 10th of April, while Blizzard employees have until July before they need to start commuting again. Game producers at Blizzard been vocal on Twitter about the policy leading to a staff exodus.

United Parcel Service

  • June 2023

Another Fortune 500 company, UPS, decided to switch to a hybrid work schedule at the start of this year. The delivery service mandated that all of its white-collar-based employees return to its Atlanta office for at least three days a week. The decision impacted around 3,600 UPS workers, most of whom have worked remotely since the onset of Covid-19.

UPS has aimed to make this experience as pleasant as possible for its staffers by revamping its cafeteria and ensuring senior leadership is available for feedback. What’s more, unlike Disney and Amazon, UPS claims that this decision was based on the will of its workers, with its vice president Chris Bartlett explaining “we listened, looked at the needs of the business, looked at people’s feedback and selected what we thought was the best course of action.”


  • June 2023

In June 2023, Meta announced a change of policy that would require all office-based workers to return to their respective offices for at least three days a week, effective from September 5.

This came two months after the social media company stopped advertising “remote” or “out of the office” options on job listings, and encouraged workers to embrace a hybrid model.

Meta has been one of the biggest proponents of flexible policies since it first welcomed remote working during Covid-19. However, with the average Meta employee averaging around 2.2 days in the office at the time of the announcement, this switch-up isn’t likely to change weekly routines too drastically.


  • August 2023

LGBTQ+ dating app Grindr has given its employees an ultimatum – return to the office or lose your job. According to a form sent out to workers on August 4, employees needed to confirm by August 17 whether they were going to move within 50 miles of Grindr’s office spaces – based in Chicago, Los Angeles, and San Francisco – or sacrifice their job by the end of the month.

These actions come just weeks after Grindr employees attempted to unionize under the Communications Workers of America — a development that Grindr executives have called a “bizarre coincidence”.


  • September 2023

The computing giant told staffers they had to return to the office three days a week, just a week before the mandate was applied. The company has also appointed ‘Software Executive Focals’ – essentially staff who have been given the role of cajoling others back to the office.

Currently, 1 in 4 IBM employees are working in the office three days a week – IBM wants to get that up to 3 in 4 by next month.


  • September 2023

On September 11th, games publisher Ubisoft called it’s 4,000 workers based at its Montreal location to return to the office, ending a three year remote work policy. Employees are expected to spend at least two days a week in the office

Still working remotely? Read our guide to the best remote collaboration tools for advice on getting it right.


  • October 2023

Game platform Roblox followed the lead of other companies by asking their workforce to return to the office for three days a week in October. This represents a huge U-turn in the company’s policy, with Roblox employees previously being able to work “primarily remotely” since May 2022. The crackdown requires workers to come into the San Mateo, California headquarters on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays, and those who don’t comply will be offered a severance package.


  • November 2024

India’s second most prominent software services exporter Infosys flip-flopped its remote policy in November, demanding that some of its workers return to the office with an unusual hybrid work pattern of 10 days in the office each month.  CEO of Infosys Salil Parekh stresses that while in some instances its “better that everyone is working together” the flexible approach is still important, given the company’s current work-from-home infrastructure.


  • February 2024

Rockstar may be best known for its Grand Theft Auto series, but when it comes to remote working, the company isn’t playing games. The gaming behemoth announced in February that it expected workers to return to the office five days a week, as it wraps up production on the highly anticipated Grand Theft Auto VI.

In an internal memo, seen by Bloomberg, Rockstar Head of Publishing Jenn Kolbe cited productivity and security reasons for the demand. Rockstar may be right to be anxious, as leaks of early gameplay footage have already found their way online.

It remains to be seen whether Rockstar will reintroduce its remote work policy once Grand Theft Auto VI is released.

Companies That Rolled Out Return-to-Office Mandates in 2022

While lots of companies have put off asking workers back until this year, the majority of businesses – including 32% of Fortune 100 companies – revoked their WFH policies in 2022.

Notable examples include Apple, which pushed back its three-day return from September 2021 to early 2022 amid widespread backlash from its employees, and Uber, which similarly delayed its hybrid policy until April 2022 in response to the Omicron virus.  Salesforce also started calling some workers back into the office from the 1st day of 2022, and has since demanded those in customer-facing roles to make the commute at least four days a week.

Other companies that retracted their WFH policies include Goldman Sachs, which demanded employees to return to the office for the full five days from March 2022, Capital One, which opened its offices for the first time since the pandemic last September, and Citigroup, which requested that all vaccinated employees return to in-person work from February 2022.

When Elon Musk took over as Twitter CEO last year, the writing was on the wall. A known opponent of remote working, Musk had already demanded Tesla staff return to the office, and sure enough, did the same when he arrived at Twitter (as well as firing over half the company).

In 2021 accounting group KPMG told its employees that it only expected them in the office two days a week. However, by December of the same year, the company instructed staff they must return to the office for at least four days a week, amid concerns around its audit quality.

As the economic climate remains uncertain and major companies continue to feel the crunch, it’s inevitable more business leaders will embrace hybrid models to maximize profitability. Yet, the business landscape remains divided, and thanks to seamless web conferencing tools lots of companies still welcome remote working.

Read our guide to companies that offer remote work to discover which companies are resisting mandatory office returns.

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Written by:
Isobel O'Sullivan (BSc) is a senior writer at with over four years of experience covering business and technology news. Since studying Digital Anthropology at University College London (UCL), she’s been a regular contributor to Market Finance’s blog and has also worked as a freelance tech researcher. Isobel’s always up to date with the topics in employment and data security and has a specialist focus on POS and VoIP systems.
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